Argentina’s Senate rejected the bill to legalize abortion

ONE BY ONE, HOW DID EACH SENATOR VOTE FOR THE BILL ON VOLUNTARY INTERRUPTION OF PREGNANCY

ABORTION: THE VOTES BETWEEN BOTH HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND THE SENATE, ACCORDING TO PROFESSION, AGE AND GENDER

CONTEXT

On August 8, the Senate voted the Bill on voluntary interruption of pregnancy after a preliminary approval at the House of Representatives a few weeks before. The bill established the possibility of having an abortion during the first 14 weeks of pregnancy at public hospitals. The bill was not approved that day and Argentine legislation only allows abortion in case of rape or in a life risk situation of the mother.

The day the abortion bill was defeated in the Senate

That bill divided Argentine society and the debate moves to the media, politics and society and it involves deeper feelings of each individual, since it questions the origins of human life, the position of a woman and her capacity to decide on her own body, among other subjects. There appeared “green scarfs” as a symbol of the fight of those women who were in favor of the decriminalization of abortion and, as opposed, there also appeared “light blue scarfs” showing another position against this legislative proposal and in favor of saving both lives (mother and child).

The day the abortion bill was defeated in the Senate

Women of all ages stayed long hours at the surroundings of the Congress waiting for a resolution

As days went by, the city of Buenos Aires was painted in both colors and, on the day the bill was voted in detail at the Senate, women of all ages stayed long hours at the surroundings of the Congress waiting for the legislative session. It was a cold day of August and the session lasted ten long hours. It rained, but nothing stopped those persons. The mere fact of being debating a taboo subject like this one was a historical milestone in our country. One could be in favor or against it, but it was impossible to be on the sidelines.

The whole country observed and listened to each Senator as he/she presented the reasons for his/her vote. The country was divided: half was green, and the other half was light blue. That day we saw how audiences grew in their interest on this topic and we decided to react and present on real time two projects to the audience: the online following up of the debate and a comparison between the vote at the House of Representatives and the Senate.

The day the abortion bill was defeated in the Senate

Argentina’s Senate rejected the bill to legalize abortion 

INNOVATION

Citizens followed the presentations of Senators as closely as we were watching a suspense movie, to be on the spot was very important. That is why, La Nación reused code to build a visualization that could follow that rhythm; it was important to know the final result of the vote and the vote of each one of the Senators on real time as well. The first interactive shows the faces of those persons representing us at the Senate, some of them are unknown for the audience in general. Moreover, the interactive adds the possibility of crossing variables to understand whether his/her age, religious belief, politic orientation or university background were related to their vote.

ONE BY ONE, HOW DID EACH SENATOR VOTE FOR DE BILL ON VOLUNTARY INTERRUPTION OF PREGNANCY

The second interactive, published early in the morning the day after, followed the same logic as the first one, but this time it analyzed and compared the votes between both House of Representatives and the Senate (257 Representatives/72 Senators), trying to find a pattern that answered the questions that many of us asked ourselves: did senior legislators vote against the bill and the younger ones, in favor?; do the Catholic ones support the 2 lives? Are lawyers against it? These and many more questions find their answers in both visualizations.

ABORTION: THE VOTES BETWEEN BOTH HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND THE SENATE, ACCORDING TO PROFESSION, AGE AND GENDER

 

IMPACT

The project concerning how each Senator voted based on each Senator’s different demographic indicators became the most read article of the day. In social media, gender-filtered visualization was shared because it was clear that 60% of all male Senators voted against abortion, while the percentage among women is 50%. It was remarkable for the female audience since it was a fundamental public policy for women and they claimed that it had not been approved because it had been left in the hands of the men in the House (who are in the majority).

At the same time, the filter of age and political orientation was also shared repetitively. The only women under 40 years old voted in favor, while among the rest of the senior Senators, there was much disparity in the vote. And as regards the orientation and political parties, it was very clear that the pro-government party has the majority of its Senators against the bill.

The day the abortion bill was defeated in the Senate

Moreover, the visualization regarding the vote of the Senators compared to that of the members of the House of Representatives allowed to give a wider visibility to the subject, since it included the whole Congress as well as the possibility that the user understands in a visual way how each legislator voted, who were absent and whether the socio-demographic factors had any impact on each chamber.

SOURCE AND METHODOLOGY

Google Spreadsheet and Google Spreadsheet API was used to upload each one of the votes in real time. The session lasted until 3 o’clock in the morning and data were completed as each speaker gave his/her opinion and we verified it with the minutes published by each House.

As regards socio-demographic data: age, gender, political orientation, province, university degree and termination of office, a database made for the opening day of sessions at the Congress on March 1st was reused.

It was a comprehensive survey, a data journalist telephoned the 257 members of the House of Representatives and 72 Senators, a total of 329 individuals. This was manually performed for two months, since many had been elected a few months ago.

TECHNOLOGIES

The first interactive was made using HTML5 and CSS3. It was also used a JavaScript library named VUE which enables a faster uploading and its fragmentation. Thus, during the vote at the Senate, part of the interactive was highlighted on the home of La Nación website (bars and counting), and the complete interactive (filters and faces) could be seen inside the article. The second interactive was made on Tableau and both visualizations used the Google datasheet. One person uploaded the votes on real time and both visualizations were automatically updated (Google Spreadsheet and API).

The day the abortion bill was defeated in the Senate

 

Sin comentarios

LA NACION DATA Website

Meet the team!

>>> lanacion.com.ar/data <<<

Project Description

LA NACION DATA website is not just a website, it´s a strategy, a project and a team. The strategy has to do with the commitment of using data to tell stories and expand the use of data, preferably open data, to activate demand of public information, in a country that just passed a FOIA law.

The internal strategy is to work in teams with journalists, tv producers and infographers so we just facilitate the data and help in the investigation or analysis, but they are the ones who domain the topic and know how to tell the stories.  Seguir leyendo

Sin comentarios

#Datagifs

During 2016 and 2017 we started to promote our reporting with Gifs in social media.

We experimented with different formats depending on the  projects.

Some shows a general overview of the visualization, others want to highlight a fact obtained after the analysis.

Please find a selection of them below:

 

Sin comentarios

Visualización: Los discursos de Macri

> Ir a Detrás del discurso de Macri: chequeos y hallazgos

Esta visualización fue el fruto de gran trabajo en equipo. La Nación y Chequeado unieron sus fuerzas para publicar una pieza gráfica de alto impacto periodístico con el objetivo de analizar el discurso del presidente Mauricio Macri en la apertura del año legislativo. Con una exhaustiva planificación y coordinación de las partes, participaron 60 personas en las distintas etapas del proyecto.

 

DETALLE DE LA APLICACIÓN DIGITAL

La aplicación consta de 3 pestañas con diferentes enfoques analíticos:

Chequeo de datos

Focos discursivos

 

Ejes temáticos

 

ETAPAS DEL PROYECTO

Previo al discurso: En esta etapa se diseñó el mockup de la aplicación y se realizó la maquetación y programación utilizando HTML, CSS y Javascript. Se crearon varios Spreadsheet de Google Drive para que ambos equipos, el de Chequeado y el de La Nación, pudieran trabajar en paralelo desde diferentes lugares físicos, optimizando así el tiempo de trabajo. En las semanas previas al evento se trabajó coordinando y probando el paso a paso que se daría en vivo, entre el Lab de Innovación de Chequeado y el área de La Nación Creativa, para que todo funcionara de manera fluida en los minutos posteriores a que hablara el presidente Mauricio Macri. También se diseñaron gráficos con sets de datos de temas sensibles al gobierno con la posibilidad de ser sumados a la aplicación, siempre y cuando fueran mencionados en el discurso presidencial, como ser: Inflación, pobreza, jubilaciones y pensiones, etc.

Durante el discurso: El equipo de Chequeado realizó el chequeo colectivo en vivo, integrando la carga de información en el flujo de trabajo de ese día en el que se comenzaron a publicar chequeos y notas. Como resultado se llegó a un total de 25 chequeos y 2 explicadores. Para el chequeo en vivo se reunieron más de 50 personas entre especialistas, periodistas, voluntarios y equipo de Chequeado en la Universidad Torcuato Di Tella donde se proyectó el discurso del Presidente. Se realizaron síntesis basadas en los chequeos, pero adaptadas a la extensión necesaria para su correcta visualización, más la carga de los minutos y segundos de cada frase en video, la calificación y el link a la nota en el Spreadsheet antes mencionado

Finalizado el discurso: La aplicación se subió on line en etapas según se había previsto, ya que las 3 pestañas tenían diferentes tiempos de armado. La primera en subir fue la de chequeo de datos (a cargo del equipo de Chequeado), luego la de focos discursivos y casi en simultáneo con la anterior, ejes temáticos.  

 

PLATAFORMAS DE PUBLICACIÓN

La aplicación se publicó primero en la plataforma digital (formato desktop, tablet y mobile), y al día siguiente, en una doble página en la versión impresa del diario LA NACIÓN.

Sin comentarios

CONGRESOSCOPIO, una aplicación de noticias para seguir la labor legislativa de nuestros diputados

Categoría nro. 11: Section or topic

Seguir el comportamiento de los legisladores en el Congreso de la República Argentina no es una tarea sencilla, por eso un equipo interdisciplinario conformado por periodístas, diseñadores y programadores de LA NACIÓN, creo una aplicación de noticias llamada Congresoscopio que le permita a toda la ciudadanía conocer en detalle el desempeño parlamentario de cada uno de los diputados.

Hasta ahora, esta información era inaccesible o publicada de modo disperso, por eso, de aquí en adelante, los ciudadanos podrán utilizarla como material de consulta permanente para conocer en profundidad la gestión de quienes nos representan, desde los más desconocidos hasta aquellos con alto perfil o importantes aspiraciones políticas.

1. PANTALLA “INICIO”


Desde un hemiciclo interactivo con la disposición actual del recinto, se puede navegar banca por banca para acceder a la información de cada uno de los diputados.

2. PANTALLA “LEYES”

Si el usuario elige el botón “Leyes”, tendrá a su disposición una base de más de 200 iniciativas tratadas en el recinto, que abarcan a 2010 hasta la fecha, con información detallada de cada sesión. El lector tiene la posibilidad de explorar según sus inquietudes, accediendo además a documentos originales que se pueden descargar. Las actas de las votaciones y los textos de cada ley son algunos de los archivos que ofrece la aplicación.

La búsqueda también puede estar enfocada por tipo de voto o por las fuerzas políticas que confluyen en el Congreso. Las visualizaciones muestran cómo se diferencian los partidos a la hora de votar un determinado proyecto de ley y dejan al descubierto también las disidencias al interior de un mismo bloque u orientación. Las coincidencias inesperadas o controvertidas también quedan plasmadas en los gráficos y disparan nuevos análisis.  Seguir leyendo

Sin comentarios